Indian Culture: Varanasi Orchha and Khajuraho

A trip to India in the northern territories is certainly among the most intense itineraries that any traveler can undertake. Get special experience to capture authentic Indian life; Orchha is in fact a medieval town with an ancient flavor. The next is Khajuraho, which will conquer the 22 erotic sculptures temple. The culmination of the trip is obtained with the visit of Varanasi, a sacred city par excellence, impacting everyone who visits it for the first time, followed by a boat excursion on the Ganges, a unique experience full of meaning.  and must experience  with an Aarti ceremony, for a total immersion in Indian culture .

Varanasi

 Varanasi or Kashi, better known by the name of Benares, one of the oldest cities in the world, is the soul of India, the most holy of the holy cities. The city is located on the left bank of the Ganges, between the mouth of the river Varuna in the north and that of the river Assi in the south, hence the name Varanasi.

For the Hindus the territory that extends between these two rivers is the most sacred place on earth. The ancient scriptures proclaim it an eternal city, the home of the god Shiva of which it would be reincarnation and even when the world falls and becomes the Nulla, it will remain the home of the god Shiva from which a new world will be born.

The Ganges 

The Ganges is one of the largest rivers in the Indian subcontinent and is known throughout the world for its important religious significance: the Ganges is in fact considered sacred by Hindus, who consider it a place of spiritual purification. The river, whose total length exceeds 2500 kilometers, originates from the Himalayan glacier of Gangotri, located at more than 6700 meters above sea level and flows almost entirely within the northern region of India, parallel to the Himalayan mountain range, reaching the plain Hindustan.

The river continues through the region of Bengal, where it divides into several branches, including the Hoogly, which passes through Calcutta. The other part of the river, which is the main one, flows into the Padma River, ending in the Sundarbans, and then pouring into the Bay of Bengal. Along its route, the river crosses the cities of Mirzapur, Varanasi, Ghazipur, Patna and Bhagalpur,(the personified divinity of the Ganges): significant is the bath in the waters of the Ganges, considered one of the most important purification rituals of Hinduism.

Orchha 

Orchha was the capital, from the 16th century, of the Rajput dynasty of the Bundela, which ruled the area between the Narmada and Yamuna rivers and that, occupying the power vacuum left by the collapse of the Delhi Sultanate, and the consequent small autonomous, extended Sultanates his domain up to this area.  Orchha, which means hidden, was founded by chief Raja Ruda Pratap on a previous settlement, which surrounded by walls and which connected with an arched bridge. It is an island of peace and tranquility and a magnificent example of medieval fortress where the walls and towers enclose gardens, pavilions and temples. A place as enchanted as it is overlooked.

Khajuraho 

The Vidhya Hills in the Chatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh surround the small village of Khajuraho . Located 395 km south-east of Agra, it is so rural that it is hard to believe that once was the religious capital of the Chandela dynasty, one of the most powerful rajput dynasties of central India.

The only important river is quite distant and the village has no significant economic activity. But it was here the Chandela erected 85 temples; the remaining 22 give us a taste of a period in which Hindu art and devotion reached its peak. The temples of Khajuraho are one of the main attractions of the whole country.

Famous for the erotic sculptures, refined and playful, depicting men and women tangled in acrobatic hugs. The complex of temples, built by Chandella, is surrounded by a well-kept green that conveys a feeling of great peace and beauty.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *